The transport sector is one of the main contributors to climate change. It has contributed to 14%of emissions in 2014 and 27% of emissions in 2016 at the EU level. In the European Union, GHG emissions from the transport sector have increased by 20% between 1990-2014 (over 170 million tonnes of CO2-equivalent). In addition to this, other challenges affect this sector such as fossil fuel scarcity and volatility in prices, energy security, increasing congestion in the cities, etc. In the EU, mobility is crucial for economic growth, job creation and people’s everyday quality of life. Thus, the EU strategy aims to gradually increase the number of passengers and mobility opportunities in public transportation, while tackling GHG emissions by 80-95% below 1990 levels in 2050. To achieve this goal, joint efforts need to be made to promote cleaner, safer and multimodal transport, to develop better infrastructures, to integrate ICT and Intelligent Transport System, to enhance linkages with Research and Innovation and to facilitate access to investments.
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